Renaissance style 15-16 centuries.
The new style, called by contemporaries the Renaissance style, brought to the art and culture of medieval Europe a new spirit of freedom and faith in the limitless possibilities of man. Man is the creator of beauty and freedom. Large rooms with rounded arches, carved wood trim, an abundance of details from which the whole is assembled.
The main elements of the style are pilaster, column, pylon, archivolt and architrave. The order system of the Renaissance style successfully combines various combinations made up of these elements. Orders are usually lined up in a classic chain of command. The Doric heavy order is placed at the bottom, and the lightest Corinthian order is at the top. At the same time, the walls again acquire tectonic significance.
The Renaissance is characterized by rationality and clear boundaries. No more broken lines. The lines become strict and generally rectangular. The Renaissance welcomes simple geometric shapes: ball, cube, rectangle and square.
Since the Renaissance style originated in Italy, in the Middle Ages architects brought up on Italian models were invited to build gardens, palaces and other structures. Renaissance architects were able to create an environment that satisfied noble people with the opportunity to pursue art, music and literature.
Colors: soft and light, dark and gloomy, sonorous and rich; cold shades of white and bedding.
Materials: black and white wood (oak, walnut, exotic species), ivory, stone, marble, sandstone.
Carved wood trim (ebony, oak, walnut, exotic species). Ivory, stone, marble, sandstone. Marble stairs, floors, walls. Ornament from antique designs. Various columns, pilasters, acanthus leaves, candelabra, cupids, grotesques, arabesques, braids, cartouches, festoons, garlands, lion heads, griffins, etc.
Renaissance furniture is all about clarity of design and lines. Furniture of a clear form with architectural elements, such as a palazzo with columns, pilasters, cornices, pediments. Item number 1 - bed (on a hill),
No. 2 - cassone chest (carved and painted).
2 types of tables: rectangular with a thick table top on 2 legs; central (round, 6, 8-angled) on one support.
Venetian furniture, cabinet furniture.
Furniture is made of wood or metal. Gilding is popular. Cabinets and other furniture surfaces are decorated with an antique-style relief pattern.
For Renaissance interior design, floors should be made of natural stone or wood. Instead of natural stone, today it is rational to use porcelain stoneware or ceramic tiles that imitate marble or other natural stone.
The ceilings are high, made in the form of vaults. For interior design in the Renaissance style, multi-level ceilings with a picture or ornamentation in the center, made in the spirit of antiquity, are perfect.
Renaissance walls are smooth natural stone, marble, sandstone and plaster. It was during the Renaissance that decorative plaster began to be actively used to decorate walls, which usually covered only one of the walls. Today it is convenient to use ceramic tiles or modern plaster imitating the surface of marble.
The walls in the Renaissance style are characterized by the presence of niches decorated with paintings or frescoes. In such niches, bronze statuettes look spectacular.
The Renaissance bathtub can be made of cast iron, with massive gilded legs, preferably with artistic forging. Faucets and showers must be selected in the classic shape of bronze or gilded color.
Renaissance decor items include antique paintings, aged furniture, wrought iron furniture, ivory accessories, candelabra, cassone chests (decorated with carvings, inlays or paintings) will help to embody the Renaissance style. Of course, one cannot do without candelabra, massive, perhaps even forged.
The Renaissance still amazes us with its spatial effects, stone design elements, murals on the walls and the lack of contrast that gives harmony and tranquility.
The continuation of the review on interior styles follows ...